Located in Central America, Costa Rica has coastlines on the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean. The tropical coastal plains rise to mountains, active volcanoes, and a temperate central plateau where most people live (San José, the capital, is here). The only country in Central America with no standing army, it enjoys continuing stability after a century of almost uninterrupted democratic government. Tourism, which has overtaken bananas as Costa Rica's leading foreign exchange earner, bolsters the economy. A quarter of the land has protected status; the beauty of rain forest preserves draws more and more visitors.
The small South American country of Costa Rica has Panama and Nicaragua as its neighboring countries to the south and North respectively. Costa Rica has remained a hot travel destination for nature enthusiast tourists since 1980s. The well established protected areas and national parks give Costa Rica a competitive advantage. It also boasts of rich flora and fauna, world famed beaches in along Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean as well as active volcanoes which are safely visited by tourists. A great number of tourists visiting Costa Rica are largely engaged in eco-tourism related activities like trekking, fauna, flora, rural visits as well as bird watching. Nevertheless, the country is still a great destination for adventure and it is listed as one of the 10 best world’s ethical destinations.
Since historical times, Costa Rica has enjoyed relative peace free from political turmoil that has largely affected its neighboring countries. Costa Rica is also listed as the world’s greenest country and also the happiest country to live in the world. The nation of Costa Rica has diverse climates, culture, landscapes, flora and fauna. Its tourism resources ranges from dry tropical forests to rain and temperate forests, to pacific and Caribbean beaches, to volcanoes to marshy lowlands and high mountains. The least visited area in the country is the Caribbean Costa Rica due to its many mosquitoes and relative isolation despite being a great destination for sea turtle seeing and whitewater rafting. Most of the people live in Central Valley with central Pacific being the most visited Costa Rica region thanks to the many beaches, national parks and accommodation facilities found here.