Jerusalem is a city of overwhelming emotions, a city that promises a religious and spiritual experience, excitement and pleasure, interesting tours and entertaining adventures.
Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel. It is also claimed by the Palestinian people as the capital of their possible future state. It is the largest city in Israel. A holy city to three religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world. The City of Gold, as it has come to be known in Hebrew, is a fascinatingly unique place where the first century rubs shoulders with the twenty-first century, each jostling for legitimacy and space, and where picturesque "old" neighborhoods nestle against glistening office towers and high-rise apartments. It is one of those places, which has to be seen to be believed.
Jerusalem is a big place and can be divided up into districts:
▪ The Old City and its Walls form a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This tiny ancient city is home to holy sites for Jews, Christians, and Muslims, and is truly breathtaking.
▪ West Jerusalem is the indisputably Jewish-Israeli part of Jerusalem, also known as New Jerusalem; it is the modern commercial heart of the city, having become the focus for development in the capital from the time of the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 until the Six Day War in 1967.
▪ East Jerusalem is, roughly, the Eastern side of Jerusalem, and is made of territory taken by Israel from Jordan during the Six Day war of 1967. It is now home to nearly 200,000 Jews while most of Jerusalem's Muslim and Christian populations of approximately 250,000 have long lived here.
▪ Me'a Shearim is the area of Jerusalem inhabited largely by ultra-Orthodox Jewish people, a place where modest dress is required. The area looks like an old Polish town from 1800.
▪ The German Colony is a West Jerusalem neighborhood southeast of the city center. It's a wonderful place to drink coffee and to eat in restaurants. You may hear more "Anglos" speaking English than Hebrew on these streets.
▪ Ein Kerem is a (relatively) secluded neighborhood in West Jerusalem that maintains a village atmosphere. It is surrounded by picturesque hills dotted with olive and cypress trees, home to artists and sculptors who have opened numerous galleries. Several churches are built on the site believed to be the birthplace of John the Baptist. Before 1948, the site was an Arab village called 'Ayn Karim and before that, the Jewish village of Beit HaKerem.